What Do Blackbirds Eat?

What Do Blackbirds Eat

Have you ever wondered what blackbirds eat? Understanding their diet can reveal fascinating insights into their lifestyle, habitats, and survival strategies. 

Blackbirds showcase an intriguing dietary range from devouring insects to relishing fruits and even consuming seeds. Whether you’re an avid birdwatcher, a garden owner wanting to feed them, or simply curious, this guide will provide you with valuable insights. Read on to unravel the mysteries of the blackbird’s diet.

Overview of Blackbirds

Blackbirds, scientifically known as Turdus merula, are well-known in gardens, parks, and woodlands across various continents. Boasting an all-black plumage that gleams blue or purple in the sunlight, male blackbirds are easily identifiable. Females, on the other hand, are brown with mottled underparts. A striking feature of both sexes is their bright yellow-orange eyes, contrasting their coloration.

Physical Attributes

Blackbirds are medium-sized birds, typically measuring 23 to 29 cm in length and weighing between 80 and 125 grams. They possess a sharp, pointed beak that is yellow-orange in color, matching their striking eyes. Their powerful beak is a versatile tool used for foraging food, singing, and defending their territory.

Behavior and Habits

Blackbirds are primarily territorial birds, especially during the breeding season. Males fiercely defend their territories, delivering their beautiful and melodious songs from treetops, rooftops, or other elevated places.

In terms of feeding habits, they’re mainly active during the day, foraging for food on the ground with a characteristic run-and-pause technique. When it comes to nesting, blackbirds build neat and bowl-shaped nests often hidden in vegetation.


Blackbirds are highly adaptable, making homes in a variety of environments. They inhabit dense forests, grasslands, gardens, orchards, parks, and even urban areas. This adaptability, combined with their generalist diet, has allowed blackbirds to be one of the most widespread bird species across many regions.


In some regions, blackbirds exhibit migratory behavior. Birds from the colder northern parts of their range tend to move southward during the winter to take advantage of the warmer climate and available food resources.

Understanding Blackbird’s Diet

What Do Blackbirds Eat

The diet of blackbirds is broad and diverse. As omnivorous creatures, they consume various food items, allowing them to adapt and thrive in various environments. Let’s examine the major constituents of a blackbird’s diet.

Insects and Invertebrates

Insects and invertebrates make up a substantial part of the blackbird’s diet. During the warmer months, when these creatures are abundant, blackbirds feast on a range of insects like beetles, caterpillars, spiders, and earthworms. They are also known to eat snails, using their strong beaks to break the shells and extract the snail inside.

Insects and invertebrates are critical to blackbirds as they provide essential proteins necessary for their growth, energy, and overall health. During breeding season, insects form the main food source for their chicks, offering high-protein nourishment for rapid growth.

Fruits and Berries

While blackbirds are excellent insect hunters, they are also quite fond of fruits and berries. During the autumn and winter months, when insects become less available, blackbirds switch to a more vegetarian diet.

They eat a wide variety of fruits and berries, including but not limited to apples, cherries, blackberries, elderberries, and holly berries. Fruits and berries provide blackbirds with essential vitamins and antioxidants, and their high sugar content offers a much-needed energy boost, especially during the cold winter months.

Seeds and Grains

Blackbirds aren’t primarily known to be seed eaters, but they will consume seeds and grains when their preferred food sources are scarce, like during harsh winters. They might be seen feeding on scattered birdseed, including sunflower seeds, millet, and cracked corn. Seeds and grains are a source of carbohydrates and fats for blackbirds, supplying them with the energy they need to survive in colder weather.

In a nutshell, the blackbird’s diet reflects their adaptability and survival strategies. From being an insectivore to frugivore to occasional granivore, blackbirds truly are opportunistic feeders.

Read also: 30 Amazing Yellow Birds With Black Wings

Detailed Look at What Blackbirds Eat

What Blackbirds Eat

Blackbirds have an opportunistic approach when it comes to their diet, consuming a variety of food types depending on their availability. Let’s delve deeper into the specifics of their diet.

Insects and Invertebrates

Insects and invertebrates are the primary source of protein for blackbirds, and they display a voracious appetite for these critters. Blackbirds have a keen sense of sight and hearing, enabling them to detect the movement of insects and invertebrates in the soil or on the ground’s surface.

  • Earthworms and Beetles

Earthworms form a staple part of their diet, and they are highly skilled at extracting these worms from the ground. Beetles also comprise a significant portion of their insectivorous diet. Blackbirds usually find these insects by turning over leaves or lightly pecking at the ground.

  • Caterpillars and Spiders

During breeding, blackbirds often feed their young with soft-bodied prey like caterpillars and spiders. These invertebrates are easier for the chicks to eat and digest and provide essential nutrients for their rapid growth.

Fruits and Berries

Blackbirds are also significant consumers of fruits and berries, particularly during the colder months when insects and invertebrates are less abundant.

  • Apples and Berries

Blackbirds enjoy eating windfall apples and often visit gardens with fruit trees. They are also fond of various types of berries, including raspberries, blackberries, elderberries, and rowan berries. These fruits not only provide essential nutrients but also help keep them hydrated.

  • Garden Fruits

In urban or suburban settings, blackbirds often consume fruits and berries from garden plants, such as currants, cherries, and strawberries. This access to a variety of garden fruits adds to the diversity of their diet.

Read also: 10 Stunning Black Birds With Yellow Beaks

Feeding Blackbirds in the Garden

What Blackbirds Eat

Feeding blackbirds in your garden can be a rewarding experience, allowing you to observe these fascinating creatures up close. Here are some tips and considerations to keep in mind.

What to Feed

When providing food for blackbirds, it’s crucial to consider their natural diet to meet their nutritional needs.

  • Fruits

Fruits are an excellent choice, especially during the colder months when their natural food sources might be scarce. Try leaving out chopped apples, pears, or berries. However, avoid offering these in feeders as blackbirds prefer to eat from the ground or a table.

  • Insects and Mealworms

You can also offer mealworms, a perfect substitute for the live insects blackbirds eat in the wild. These can be bought from pet or wildlife stores and are usually available in dried form. Soak them in water before feeding blackbirds to make them more hydrating and easier to eat.

  • Suet and Fat Balls

Suet products and fat balls can provide an energy-rich supplement, especially useful during the winter months. Make sure to use mesh-free feeders or simply crumble these products on the ground to prevent blackbirds from trapping their feet.

What Not to Feed

  • Bread

Bread isn’t suitable for blackbirds. It offers little to no nutritional value and can fill them up, leaving less room for essential foods.

  • Milk and Desiccated Coconut

Milk can cause diarrhea in birds, and desiccated coconut can swell up in their stomachs, causing distress. Thus, avoid offering these items.

Provide Fresh Water

Ensure fresh water is available for drinking and bathing. In winter, this may freeze over, so make sure to break the ice or provide a new water supply.

Feeding blackbirds in your garden helps supplement their natural diet, particularly when food is scarce. Providing suitable food and fresh water is essential to ensure their good health and wellbeing.

Seasonal Diet Changes in Blackbirds

The feeding habits of blackbirds are influenced significantly by the changing seasons. As adept survivors, they alter their diet based on the food sources available at different times of the year.

Spring and Summer: Insect Feast

During the spring and summer months, blackbirds primarily consume insects and invertebrates. This is the time when these creatures are most plentiful, providing an abundant food source. The high protein content in insects is particularly essential during the breeding season when blackbirds need extra energy. Plus, they feed their young with soft-bodied invertebrates, offering high-protein nourishment for rapid growth.

Autumn and Winter: Switch to Fruits and Berries

As autumn arrives and insects become less abundant, blackbirds shift their diet towards fruits and berries. This is where their ability to consume both animal and plant matter works to their advantage. Fruits like apples, cherries, and various types of berries provide essential vitamins and antioxidants and give blackbirds a much-needed energy boost during the colder months.

Harsh Winters: Seeds and Grains

In harsh winters, when fruits and berries can be covered by snow or simply unavailable, blackbirds may eat seeds and grains. While not their first choice, these can provide essential carbohydrates and fats that give them the energy they need to survive the cold weather.

Understanding the seasonal diet changes in blackbirds highlights their adaptability and their varied diet’s vital role in their survival. It’s a testament to their resilience, ensuring their survival through the harshest conditions by taking advantage of the available food sources.

Final Thoughts

We hope this detailed guide about what blackbirds eat has shed light on the remarkable dietary adaptability of these birds. As we’ve seen, their diverse diet sustains them and showcases their incredible survival capabilities across different seasons and environments. Understanding their dietary habits can provide valuable insights for bird enthusiasts and individuals who want to support these birds in their gardens. The world of the blackbird’s diet is truly fascinating, and learning about it deepens our appreciation for these resilient creatures. Thank you for joining us on this intriguing journey.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can blackbirds eat birdseed?

While blackbirds are not primarily seed eaters, they will consume birdseed when their preferred food sources like insects and fruits are scarce, particularly during harsh winters. Sunflower seeds, millet, and cracked corn are some seeds blackbirds might eat.

2. Is it okay to feed bread to blackbirds?

It’s not advisable to feed bread to blackbirds. Bread offers these birds little to no nutritional value and can fill them up, leaving less room for healthier, essential foods.

3. What fruits can I feed to blackbirds in my garden?

Blackbirds enjoy a variety of fruits. You can feed them chopped apples, pears, or any type of berries you have available. They also enjoy garden fruits such as currants, cherries, and strawberries.

4. Can I feed blackbirds mealworms?

Yes, mealworms are an excellent choice for blackbirds and a perfect substitute for the live insects they eat in the wild. Make sure to soak dried mealworms in water before feeding to make them more hydrating and easier for the birds to eat.

5. Do blackbirds’ dietary habits change with seasons?

Absolutely. Blackbirds exhibit considerable adaptability in their diet with the changing seasons. In spring and summer, they primarily eat insects and invertebrates. Come autumn and winter, they switch to a diet rich in fruits and berries. In harsh winters, they may even resort to eating seeds and grains.

Martin Cooper

Hello and welcome! I’m an avid bird enthusiast, dedicated to observing, understanding, and documenting our feathery friends. I hope my passion and knowledge inspires your own avian admiration! Join me as we soar into this fascinating world.

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